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   信息标题:    国学联姻娱乐 复兴还是途穷
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文化批评:国学联姻娱乐 复兴还是途穷

张魁兴

来源:人民网-文化频道

 

 

中国戏曲学院女生“国学辣妹”自称是白居易53代后人,她致力于“勾引孔子,重振国学”。

这厢《开心学国学》激战正酣,那厢《万卷楼》在深圳卫视热播,漂洋过海的《青花瓷》、《菊花台》持续在K房里余音缭绕,成都的“国学操”却处于风口浪尖……近年来关于“国学热”的争论一直都没有消停过,学者火了,书卖断货了,最近由于电视、流行音乐也纷纷向国学伸出“魔掌”,似在给人们对“国学”的热情“火上浇油”。但与之而来的是止不住的口水战——与娱乐联姻是国学复兴的出路还是强弩之末的叹息?(730日《深圳特区报》)

国学是一种文化精髓,从心里说,我们不希望国学被娱乐化,因为娱乐化国学或国学娱乐化都有些不严肃的味道,是对国学的亵渎。但当今社会是一个泛娱乐化的时代,几乎没有不被娱乐的角落。因此,对如今社会刮起的国学娱乐风,应该辩证地看,不能妖魔化而全盘否定,更该看到娱乐化国学或国学娱乐化也是在普及国学,只要不是有意恶搞、太过离奇或者违背基本的事实,就不用回避。毕竟在当今的现实语境中,普及国学还是第一位的。

关于普及国学,前几年有过各种尝试,比如“天价”国学班、央视的《百家讲坛》、“国学大讲堂”等等,近来又出现了《开心学国学》,还有电视、流行音乐国学,国学正在与娱乐联姻已是一个不争的事实。但有人为此担心,北大中文系副教授胡续东接受采访时就直言“这种知识权力与商业娱乐形式结合的方式很荒诞”,是将国学“低俗化”、“娱乐化”。我以为这种观点很“暴力”,谁说国学不可以娱乐化,国学娱乐化就是低俗化吗?还是刚刚去世的季羡林老先生说的好:“其实国学不用搞得那么神秘,如果轻松一点能更容易被大众接受,不也很好吗?”

在我看来,普及国学是目的,至于用什么手段不必强求一种模式,只要能达到普及国学的目的,娱乐一点也无伤大雅。不管是央视的《百家讲坛》,还是吉林的各个阶层的市民都能听讲的“国学大讲堂”,只要能传承国学就好。有些人的思想观念应该改一改。我们不否认国学是一门严肃的学问,但是不能把国学搞得那么神秘,甚至人为地故作高深,让人觉得非普通老百姓所能弄得懂的,这样只能使国学束之高阁,更远离社会。其实,国学是有层次的,即使高深的国学知识,只要用通俗易懂的语言讲解出来,老百姓也能听的懂。更何况,当务之急是如何让使国学走出书斋、走向社会、走进大众的生活。

当然,娱乐化国学或国学娱乐化是有一个原则问题的,那就是不能脱离普及国学这个主题,不能恶意胡搞国学。比如“坐怀不乱”是否具于谱、孔子的身高和姚明差不多、花木兰不姓花而姓朱、孔子性饥渴、诸葛亮是“最虚伪的男人”、大禹“三过家门不入”是因为有了婚外情、李白是“古惑仔”等等,这都是伪国学,他们的恶搞,与娱乐化国学或国学娱乐化不能“混搭”。正如深圳大学哲学系教授王兴国所言,“最害怕的是无中生有,扭曲了历史文化”。也就是说,只要不是有意恶搞或太过离奇,国学可以再娱乐中前行,通过全社会的提倡,营造一种氛围,加上媒体的配合,达到复兴国学的目的。


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